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Litmus Milk Medium Test- Lab Practical

To differentiate microorganisms based on various metabolic reactions in litmus milk, including fermentation, reduction, clot formation, digestion, and the formation of gas. Litmus Milk is used primarily to differentiate members within…

Urease Test- Principle, Procedure and Result

Objective To determine the ability of the organism to hydrolyse urea by the action of urease enzyme. Principle Urea is a nitrogen-containing compound that is produced during decarboxylation of the amino acid arginine in the urea cycle.…

Cytokines- Mechanism of action and Functions

Cytokines Cytokines are a family of small proteins that mediate an organism’s response to injury or infection. Cytokines operate by transmitting signals between cells in an organism. Minute quantities of cytokines are secreted, each…